INTIMATE PARTNER VIOLENCE (IPV) is a serious and potentially lethal public health problem. It is a problem that affects the lives of all Marylanders. A comprehensive, nationally-representative study conducted by the Centers for Disease Control found that 14% of men and 24% of women will experience severe physical violence at the hands of a partner in their lifetime. These statistics do not include other insidious forms of abuse, such as less severe forms of physical violence, psychological aggression, stalking, teen victims of dating violence, or children who are exposed to violence at home. The prevalence of domestic violence cuts across all genders, classes, races, religions, and sexual orientations. The trauma caused by domestic violence permeates through the entire family and support network of survivors.

With the recognition that IPV is a preventable public health challenge, efforts were undertaken to better identify and serve at-risk victims in the highest danger. Based on the research of Dr. Jacquelyn Campbell of Johns Hopkins University, MNADV led this work through extensive and comprehensive multi-disciplinary research and development. After several years of this work, the lethality screen and protocol were created and implemented in 2005. It provides an easy and effective method for law enforcement and other community professionals to identify victims of intimate partner violence who are at the highest risk of being seriously injured or killed by their intimate partners, and immediately connect them to a domestic violence program It is that link to a service provider in the immediate aftermath of the event which distinguishes the LAP from other related homicide prevention models.

See Development of the LAP for in-depth information about the development committee, goals, field test and implementation.

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